Jack and Pamela Egan Professor of Entrepreneurship
My research considers the social context of entrepreneurship from both a contemporary and historical perspective. I draw on large-scale surveys of entrepreneurs in the United States to explore processes of team formation, innovation, exchange, and boundary maintenance in nascent business startups. My historical analyses address entrepreneurial activity and constraint during periods of profound institutional change. This work has considered a diverse range of sectors, including the organizational transformation of Southern agriculture and industry after the Civil War, African American entrepreneurship under Jim Crow, the transition of the U.S. healthcare system from professional monopoly to managed care, and the character of entrepreneurship during early mercantile and industrial capitalism.
Ruef, M. “6. Unpacking the liability of aging: Toward a socially-embedded account of organizational disbanding.” Research in the Sociology of Organizations, vol. 19, Dec. 2002, pp. 195–228.
Ruef, M. “Strong Ties, Weak Ties and Islands: Structural and Cultural Predictors of Organizational Innovation.” Industrial and Corporate Change, vol. 11, no. 3, 2002, pp. 427–49. Manual, doi:10.1093/icc/11.3.427. Full Text
Ruef, M. “A Structural Event Approach to the Analysis of Group Composition.” Social Networks, vol. 24, no. 2, 2002, pp. 135–60. Manual, doi:10.1016/S0378-8733(01)00054-5. Full Text
Ruef, M. “The Emergence of Organizational Forms: A Community Ecology Approach.” American Journal of Sociology, vol. 106, no. 3, 2000, pp. 658–714. Manual, doi:10.1086/318963. Full Text
Ruef, M. “Social Ontology and the Dynamics of Organizational Forms: Creating Market Actors in the Healthcare Field, 1966-1994.” Social Forces, vol. 77, no. 4, 1999, pp. 1403–32. Manual, doi:10.1093/sf/77.4.1403. Full Text
Ruef, M., et al. “An Organizational Field Approach to Resource Environments in Healthcare: Comparing Entries of Hospitals and Home Health Agencies in the San Francisco Bay Region.” Health Services Research, vol. 32, no. 6, 1998, pp. 775–803.
Ruef, M., and W. R. Scott. “A Multidimensional Model of Organizational Legitimacy: Hospital Survival in Changing Institutional Environments.” Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 43, no. 4, 1998, pp. 877–904. Manual, doi:10.2307/2393619. Full Text
Ruef, M. “Assessing Organizational Fitness on a Dynamic Landscape: An Empirical Test of the Relative Inertia Thesis.” Strategic Management Journal, vol. 18, no. 11, 1997, pp. 837–53. Manual, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(199712)18:11<837::AID-SMJ917>3.0.CO;2-B. Full Text
Ruef, M. “Prolegomenon to the Relation between Social Theory and Method.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology, vol. 22, no. 3, 1997, pp. 303–32.
Ruef, M. “The Evolution of Convention: Conformity and Innovation in Task-Oriented Networks.” Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory, vol. 2, no. 1, 1996, pp. 5–28. Manual, doi:10.1007/BF00125761. Full Text