Mark Chaves

Mark Chaves

Professor of Sociology

External Address: 
Soc-Psych Bldg, Rm 348, Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708
Phone: 
(919) 660-5783

Overview

Professor Chaves specializes in the sociology of religion. Most of his research is on the social organization of religion in the United States. Among other projects, he directs the National Congregations Study (NCS), a wide-ranging survey of a nationally representative sample of religious congregations conducted in 1998, 2006-07, and 2012. NCS results have helped us to better understand many aspects of congregational life in the United States. Professor Chaves is the author of American Religion: Contemporary Trends (Princeton, 2011),  Congregations in America (Harvard, 2004), Ordaining Women: Culture and Conflict in Religious Organizations (Harvard, 1997), and many articles.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Harvard University 1991

  • M.Div., Harvard University 1985

Selected Grants

National Survey of Religious Leaders awarded by John Templeton Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2020

Supporting the Fourth Wave of the National Congregations Study awarded by Louisville Institute (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2019

Supporting the Fourth Wave of the National Congregations Study awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2019

Wave IV of the National Congregations Study awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2019

National Congregations Study and Clergy Compensation Dissemination awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2017

Wave III of the National Congregations Study awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2014

Congregational Decision-Making about Clergy Compensation awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2014

A Proposal to Enhance the Third Wave of the National Congregations Study awarded by Louisville Institute (Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2013

National Congregational Study-Wave III awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2013

Chaves, M. American Religion: Contemporary Trends. 2017, pp. 1–150.

Chaves, M. American religion contemporary trends: contemporary trends. Princeton University Press, 2011.

Chaves, M. Congregations in America. Harvard University Press, 2004.

Chaves, M. .. Edited by M. Chaves and S. L. Miller, Alta Mira Press (Sage Publications), 1999, pp. 169–88.

Chaves, M. Ordaining Women: Culture and Conflict in Religious Organizations. Harvard University Press, 1997.

Chaves, M. A. “God’s Potters: Pastoral Leadership and the Shaping of Congregations, by Jackson W. Carroll.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 46, Wiley: 24 months, 2007, pp. 136–37.

Chaves, M. A. “Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community, by Robert D. Putnam.” Christian Century, no. July 19-26, 2000, pp. 754–56.

Chaves, M. A. “American Evangelicalism: Embattled and Thriving, by Christian Smith, with others.” Christian Century (Chicago, Ill. : 1902), 24 Feb. 1999, pp. 227–29.

Chaves, M. A. “Feminization of the Clergy in America: Occupational and Organizational Perspectives, by Paula Nesbitt.” Contemporary Sociology, vol. 27, American Sociological Association, 1998, pp. 485–86.

Chaves, M. A. “The Catholic Philanthropic Tradition in America, by Mary J. Oates, and The Catholic Ethic in American Society: An Exploration of Values, by John E. Tropman.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, vol. 27, SAGE Publications (UK and US), 1998, pp. 95–98.

Chaves, M. A. “Jews on the Move: Implications for Jewish Identity, by Sidney Goldstein and Alice Goldstein.” Contemporary Sociology, vol. 26, American Sociological Association, 1997, pp. 69–70.

Chaves, M. A. “Resurgent Evangelicalism in the United States: Mapping Cultural Change Since 1970, by Mark A. Shibley.” American Journal of Sociology, vol. 103, University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. 468–70.

Chaves, M. A. “Religious Institutions and Women’s Leadership: New Roles Inside the Mainstream, edited by Catherine Wessinger.” Journal of Religion, vol. 77, University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. 623–24.

Pages

Chaves, M. “Congregations in Europe and the United States: Surprising similarities and common priorities for future research.” Congregations in Europe, 2018, pp. 209–19. Scopus, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-77261-5_12. Full Text

Chaves, M. “Serendipity in the study of religion and society.” Studying Religion and Society: Sociological Self-Portraits, 2012, pp. 105–15. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203075685. Full Text

Chaves, M., and S. Anderson. “Continuity and change in American religion, 1972-2008.” Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972, 2012, pp. 212–39.

Chaves, M. “The Women that Publish the Tidings: The International Association of Women Ministers.” Women in Twentieth Century Protestantism, University of Illinois Press, 2012, pp. 257–75.

Chaves, M. “Religious Congregations.” The State of Nonprofit America, Second Edition, Brookings Institution Press, 2012, pp. 362–93.

Chaves, M. “Congregations' Significance to American Civic Life.” The Civic Life of American Religion, Stanford University Press, 2009, pp. 69–81.

Barman, E., and M. Chaves. “Strategy and Restructure in the United Church of Christ.” Church, Identity, and Change, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2005, pp. 446–92.

Chaves, M., and L. Stephens. “Church Attendance in the United States.” Handbook of the Sociology of Religion, Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 85–95.

Chaves, M., et al. “Religious Variations in Public Presence: Evidence from the National Congregations Study.” The Quiet Hand of God: Faith Based Activism and the Public Role of Mainline Protestantism, University of California Press, 2002, pp. 108–28.

Chaves, M. “Religious Congregations.” The State of America’s Nonprofit Sector, Brookings Institution Press, 2002, pp. 275–98.

Pages

Stolz, Jörg, and Mark Chaves. “Does disestablishment lead to religious vitality? The case of Switzerland..” The British Journal of Sociology, vol. 69, no. 2, June 2018, pp. 412–35. Epmc, doi:10.1111/1468-4446.12268. Full Text

Voas, D., and M. Chaves. “Even intense religiosity is declining in the United States.” Sociological Science, vol. 5, Jan. 2018, pp. 694–710. Scopus, doi:10.15195/V5.A29. Full Text

Schleifer, C., and M. Chaves. “Family Formation and Religious Service Attendance: Untangling Marital and Parental Effects.” Sociological Methods and Research, vol. 46, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 125–52. Scopus, doi:10.1177/0049124114526376. Full Text

Chaves, M., and A. J. Eagle. “Congregations and social services: An update from the third wave of the national congregations study.” Religions, vol. 7, no. 5, May 2016. Scopus, doi:10.3390/rel7050055. Full Text

Voas, D., and M. A. Chaves. “Is the United States a Counterexample to the Secularization Thesis?.” American Journal of Sociology, vol. 121, no. 5, University of Chicago Press: No Paid Open Access, Mar. 2016, pp. 1517–56.

Schleifer, C., and M. Chaves. “The Price of the Calling: Exploring Clergy Compensation Using Current Population Survey Data.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 55, no. 1, Mar. 2016, pp. 130–52. Scopus, doi:10.1111/jssr.12254. Full Text

Chaves, M., and S. L. Anderson. “Changing American Congregations: Findings from the Third Wave of the National Congregations Study.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 53, no. 4, Jan. 2014, pp. 676–86. Scopus, doi:10.1111/jssr.12151. Full Text Open Access Copy

Frenk, Steven M., and Mark Chaves. “Proportion of US congregations that have people living with HIV..” Journal of Religion and Health, vol. 51, no. 2, June 2012, pp. 371–80. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s10943-010-9379-y. Full Text

Frenk, S. M., et al. “Assessing the validity of key informant reports about congregations' social composition.” Sociology of Religion: A Quarterly Review, vol. 72, no. 1, Mar. 2011, pp. 78–90. Scopus, doi:10.1093/socrel/srq064. Full Text

Chaves, M. “Thanks, but no thanks: congretations say no to the faith-based initiative.” Christian Century, vol. 127, no. 11, June 2010, pp. 22–24.

Pages

Chaves, M. A., and A. Eagle. Clergy Compensation: National Trends and Local Realities. Duke University, Department of Sociology, 2016. Open Access Copy

Chaves, M. “Congregations' Social Service Activities.” Charting Civil Society, The Urban Institute, 1999.

Chaves, M. How Do We Worship? A Report from the National Congregation Study. Alban Institute Press, 1999.

Chaves, M. “Secular Ties of Elite Religious Professionals from 1912-1982.” Working Paper Series, Center for Research on Politics and Social Organization, 1988.

Chaves, M. A. “Faith Futures: An Interview with Mark Chaves..” Reflections (Yale Divinity School Magazine), vol. 96, no. No. 2, 2011, pp. 15–19.

Chaves, Mark. American Religion Infographics. Leadership Education at Duke Divinity, Duke Divinity School, 2010.

Chaves, Mark. “How Do We Worship.” A Report From the National Congregations Study, Alban Institute Press, 1999.

Mark Chaves, M. “American Evangelicalism: Embattled and Thriving.” The Christian Century, vol. 116, no. 6, Christian Century Foundation, 1999.

Chaves, M. “Feminization of the Clergy in America: Occupational and Organizational Perspectives.” Contemporary Sociology, vol. 27, no. 5, AMER SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC, 1998, pp. 485–86.

Chaves, M. “Resurgent Evangelicalism in the United States: Mapping Cultural Change Since 1970.” The American Journal of Sociology, vol. 103, no. 2, The University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. 468–70.

Chaves, M. “Religious Institutions and Women's Leadership: New Roles inside the Mainstream.” The Journal of Religion, vol. 77, no. 4, The University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. 623–24.

Chaves, M. “Jews on the Move: Implications for Jewish Identity.” Contemporary Sociology, vol. 26, no. 1, American Sociological Association, 1997, pp. 69–70.

Pages