Angela M. O'Rand

Angela M. O'Rand

Professor Emeritus of Sociology

External Address: 
417 Chapel Hill Drive, Campus Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90088, 417 Chapel Drive, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 660-5629


My major research interests focus on patterns of inequality across the life span, with a special interest in the temporal diversity of life transitions, their consequences for later life, and the impact of institutions on these transitions over time. Over thirty-three years I have examined workplace policies related to wage and benefit structures and the impact of workers' educational, work and family histories on wage and fringe benefit outcomes. The changing employment relationship and the re-organization of retirement institutions (especially pensions) have been a central concern of my research. Most recently, I have turned to the cumulative impact of economic adversity on midlife health risks, such as heart attack. This research has uncovered the persistent effects of childhood adversity on midlife heart attack risk, especially among women. I am expanding this focus over the next few years to examine the more general question of "life course risks" and increased economic and social inequalities.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Temple University 1974

O'Rand, AM. "Structuration and individualization: the life course as a continuous multi-level process." Generating Social Stratification. Ed. AC Kerckhoff. Westview Press, 1996. 3-16.

O'Rand, AM. "Context, selection and agency in the life course: linking social structure and biography." Society and Biography: Interrelationships Between Social Structure, Institutions, and the Life Course. Ed. A Weymann and WR Heinz. Deutscher Studien Verlag, 1996. 67-81.

O'Rand, AM. "Women and retirement." Encyclopedia of Women and Work. Garland Press, 1996. 25-27.

Elder, J, and O'Rand, AM. "Adult lives in a changing society." Sociological Perspectives on Social Psychology. Ed. K Cook, G Fine, and J House. 1995. 452-475.

O Rand, AM. "Women: their changing status; Gender; and The employee income retirement security act (ERISA)." The Encyclopedia of Aging. Ed. GL Maddox. Springer, 1995. 974-977; 392-393; and 307-308-974-977; 392-393; and 307-308.

O'Rand, AM, and Rix, S. "Equal employment opportunity commission (EEOC)." The Encyclopedia of Aging. Ed. GL Maddox. Springer, 1995. 327-328.

O Rand, AM. "The cumulative stratification of the life course." Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences. Ed. R Binstock and LK George. Academic Press, 1995. 188-207.

O'Rand, AM. "Social inequality." The Encyclopedia of Sociology. Ed. EF Borgatta and ML Borgatta. MacMillan, 1992. 1850-1856.

O'Rand, AM, Henretta, JC, and Krecker, ML. "Family pathways to retirement." Family Retirement. Ed. M Szinovacz. Sage, 1992. 81-98.


Elman, C, and O'Rand, A. "Midlife Work Pathways and Educational Entry." Research on Aging 20.4 (July 1998): 475-505. Full Text

Farkas, JI, and O'Rand, AM. "The Pension Mix For Women in Middle and Late Life: The Changing Employment Relationship." Social Forces 76.3 (March 1, 1998): 1007-1032. Full Text

Hiedemann, B, Suhomlinova, O, and O'Rand, AM. "Economic Independence, Economic Status, and Empty Nest in Midlife Marital Disruption." Journal of Marriage and the Family 60.1 (February 1998): 219-219. Full Text

O'Rand, AM. "Observations on the practice of life course research." Ed. J Giele and J G H Elder. Methods of Life Course Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches (1998): 52-74.

O'Rand, AM. "Ending a career in the auto industry: "30 and out."." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY 103.4 (January 1998): 1122-1124. Full Text

O'Rand, AM. "New Editor's Statement." Research on Aging 20.1 (January 1998): 3-5. Full Text

Elman, C, and Rand, AMO. "Midlife entry into vocational training: a mobility model." 27 (1998): 128-158.

Henretta, JC, O'Rand, AM, and Chan, CG. "Gender Differences in Employment after Spouse's Retirement." Research on Aging 15.2 (June 1993): 148-169. Full Text