Angela M. O'Rand
Professor Emeritus of Sociology
My major research interests focus on patterns of inequality across the life span, with a special interest in the temporal diversity of life transitions, their consequences for later life, and the impact of institutions on these transitions over time. Over forty years I have examined workplace policies related to wage and benefit structures and the impact of workers' educational, work and family histories on socioeconomic outcomes. The changing employment relationship and the re-organization of retirement institutions (especially pensions) have been a central concern of my research. Most recently, I have turned to the cumulative impact of economic adversity on mid- and later-life health risks, such as heart attack. This research has uncovered the persistent effects of childhood adversity on adult heart attack risk, especially among women. I am expanding this focus over the next few years to examine the more general question of "life course risks" and increased economic and social inequalities in life course trajectories of health and wealth (including the role of debt as a stressor).
Center for Population Health and Aging awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2020
SANDERS Admin Supp: Using Response Time Data from Social Science Surveys to Model Cognition and Early Alzheimer's Disease awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2019
Behavior And Physiology In Aging awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 1999 to 2015
Childhood Exposures and Adulthood Cardiovascular Disease awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2006 to 2007
The Determinants and Consequences of Midlife Education awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1998 to 2000
(93-0332) Joint Retirement in Two-Worker Couples awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 1992 to 1993
(89-0380) Effects of Competing Social Interest Groups on the Development of Contraceptive Technology awarded by Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1989
Hughes, M. E., and A. M. O’Rand. The Lives and Times of the Baby Boom (Census 2000 monograph). Russell Sage/Population Reference Bureau, 2004.
O’Rand, Angela M., and John C. Henretta. Age and Inequality: Diverse Pathways Through Later Life. Westview Press, 1998.
Osterbind, C. C., and A. M. O’rand. Older People in Florida: A Statistical Abstract 1978. Edited by University Presses of Florida, University Presses of Florida, 1976.
O’Rand, A. M. “The Transition to Adulthood in the Vietnam Era by Timothy Owens.” Social Forces, vol. 84, Springer, 2005, 2006, pp. 2365–67.
O’Rand, A. M. “Women in Science: Career Processes and Outcomes by Yu Xie and Kimberlee A. Shaumann.” Social Forces, vol. 82, 2004, pp. 1669–71.
O’Rand, A. M. “Ending a Career in the Auto Industry (Plenum, 1996) by Melissa A. Hardy, Lawrence Hazelrigg and Jill Quadagno.” American Journal of Sociology, vol. 103, 1998, pp. 1122–24.
O’Rand, A. M. “The Social Networks of Older People: A Cross-National Analysis (Praeger, 1996).” Contemporary Gerontology, edited by H. Litwin, vol. 4, 1998, pp. 34–35.
O’Rand, A. M. “What do we know and when do we know it? A self-exemplifying tale of gender politics and the popular production of knowledge.” Annual Review of Conflict Knowledge and Conflict Resolution, vol. 23, 1993, pp. 285–90.
O’Rand, A. M. “Minerva’s owl flies at dusk..” The Gerontologist, vol. 29, Oxford University Press, 1989, pp. 835–37.
O’Rand, A. M. “Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 5 (JAI Press, 1986) edited by R.V. Robinson.” Contemporary Sociology, 1988.
O’Rand, A. M. “Later Life: The Social Psychology of Aging (Sage 1986) edited by V.W. Marshall.” Social Forces, 1986.
O’Rand, A. M. “Older Women: Issues and Prospects (Lexington Books, 1983) edited by Elizabeth W. Markson.” Social Forces, 1984, pp. 606–08.
O’Rand, A. M. “Equal Employment Policy for Women (Temple University Press, 1980) by R.S. Ratner.” Sociology of Work and Occupations, 1983, pp. 377–78.
Remle, R. C., and A. M. O’Rand. “Intergenerational Solidarity in Blended Families: The Inequality of Financial Transfers to Adult Children and Stepchildren.” Kinship and Cohort in an Aging Society: From Generation to Generation: Continuity and Change in Aging Families, edited by M. Silverstein, Johns Hopkins University, 2013, pp. 31–58.
O’Rand, A. M. “The devolution of risk and the changing life course (reprint).” Researching Social Gerontology, edited by M. Cutchin et al., Sage Publishers, 2013.
O’Rand, A. M. “The Devolution of Risk and the Changing Life Course.” The New Blackwell Companion to Sociology, edited by G. Ritzer, Blackwell, 2011.
O’Rand, A. M., and Don Ebel. “Private Pensions in International Perspective.” International Handbook of Population Aging, edited by Peter Uhlenberg ed, Springer-Verlag, 2009, pp. 429–44.
O’Rand, A. M., et al. “Age and Inequality in Global Context.” The International Handbook of Social Gerontology, edited by W Dale Dannefer and Chris R. Phillipson, Sage, 2009, pp. 127–36.
O’Rand, A. M. “Cumulative processes in the life course.” The Craft of Life Course Research, edited by Jr Glen H Elder and Janet Z. Giele, Guilford, 2009, pp. 121–40.
O’Rand, A. M., and Jr Glen H Elder. “Changing Societies and Changing Lives.” Within the Social World: Essays in Social Psychology, edited by J. Chin and C. Jacobson, Longman, 2008, pp. 202–16.
O’Rand, A. M. “Stratification and the life course: Life course capital, life course risks, and social inequality.” Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, 2006, pp. 145–62. Scopus, doi:10.1016/B978-012088388-2/50012-2. Full Text
O’rand, A. M. “Retirement.” Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology, Blackwell Publishing, 2006.
Noppert, G. A., et al. “Investigating pathogen burden in relation to a cumulative deficits index in a representative sample of US adults..” Epidemiol Infect, vol. 146, no. 15, Nov. 2018, pp. 1968–76. Pubmed, doi:10.1017/S095026881800153X. Full Text Open Access Copy
Jones, Sydney A., et al. “Correlates of changes in walking during the retirement transition: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis..” Preventive Medicine Reports, vol. 11, Sept. 2018, pp. 221–30. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.07.002. Full Text Open Access Copy
Zeng, Yi, et al. “Sex Differences in Genetic Associations With Longevity..” Jama Netw Open, vol. 1, no. 4, Aug. 2018. Pubmed, doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1670. Full Text
Jones, Sydney A., et al. “Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Retirement: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis..” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 54, no. 6, June 2018, pp. 786–94. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2018.02.022. Full Text Open Access Copy
Brown, Tyson H., et al. “Race-ethnicity and health trajectories: tests of three hypotheses across multiple groups and health outcomes..” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, vol. 53, no. 3, Sept. 2012, pp. 359–77. Epmc, doi:10.1177/0022146512455333. Full Text
O’Rand, Angela M. “Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose: latest words on "life words"..” The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 67, no. 2, Mar. 2012, pp. 235–37. Epmc, doi:10.1093/geronb/gbr160. Full Text
O’rand, A. M., and J. Hamil-Luker. Late employment careers, transitions to retirement, and retirement income in the united states. Dec. 2011, pp. 283–307.
O’Rand, Angela M. “2010 SSS Presidential Address: The Devolution of Risk and the Changing Life Course in the United States..” Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation, vol. 90, no. 1, Sept. 2011, pp. 1–16. Epmc, doi:10.1093/sf/90.1.1. Full Text
Oksuzyan, Anna, et al. “Cross-national comparison of sex differences in health and mortality in Denmark, Japan and the US..” European Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 25, no. 7, July 2010, pp. 471–80. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s10654-010-9460-6. Full Text Open Access Copy
O’Rand, Angela M., et al. “Childhood adversity, educational trajectories, and self-reported health in later life among U.S. women and men at the turn of the century..” Zeitschrift Fur Erziehungswissenschaft : Zfe, vol. 12, no. 3, Sept. 2009, pp. 409–36.
Elman, C., and A. M. O’Rand. “The race is to the swift: Socioeconomic origins, adult education, and wage attainment.” American Journal of Sociology, vol. 110, no. 1, 2004, pp. 123–60. Scopus, doi:10.1086/386273. Full Text
O Rand, A. M. The Vulnerable Majority: Older Women in Transition. 1994.
O Rand, A. M. “Income maintenance in retirement and the need to rethink family policy..” Center Reports on Advances in Research, 1983.