Professor Chaves specializes in the sociology of religion. Most of his research is on the social organization of religion in the United States. Among other projects, he directs the National Congregations Study (NCS), a wide-ranging survey of a nationally representative sample of religious congregations conducted in 1998, 2006-07, and 2012. NCS results have helped us to better understand many aspects of congregational life in the United States. Professor Chaves is the author of American Religion: Contemporary Trends (Princeton, 2011), Congregations in America (Harvard, 2004), Ordaining Women: Culture and Conflict in Religious Organizations (Harvard, 1997), and many articles.
Chaves, M. "Challenges for the 21st Century." The Journal of the Interim Ministry Network, 2001 Annual Review (2001): 27-39.
Konieczny, ME, Chaves, M, Konieczny, ME, and Chaves, M. "Resources, Race, and Female-Headed Congregations in the United StatesResources, race, and female-headed congregations in the United States." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 39.3 (September 1, 2000): 261-271.
Chaves, M, and Tsitsos, W. "Are congregations constrained by government? empirical results from the National Congregations Study." Journal of Church and State 42.2 (March 1, 2000): 335-344.
Putnam, RD. "Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community." Christian Century July 19-26, 2000 (2000): 754-756. (Review)
Chaves, M, Konieczny, ME, Beyerlein, K, and Barman, E. "The National Congregations Study: background, methods, and selected results." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 38.4 (1999): 458-476.
Chaves, M. "Religious Congregations and Welfare Reform: Who Will Take Advantage of "Charitable Choice"?." American Sociological Review 64.6 (1999): 836-846.
Wolfe, A. "One Nation, After All. What Middle-Class Americans Really Think About: God, Country, Family, Racism, Welfare, Immigration, Homosexuality, Work, The Right, The Left, and Each Other." Religion & Values in Public Life 7 (1998): 1-2. (Review)
Oates, MJ. "The Catholic Philanthropic Tradition in America." Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 27 (1998): 95-98. (Review)
Tropman, JE. "The Catholic Ethic in American Society: An Exploration of Values." Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 27 (1998): 95-98. (Review)
Hadaway, CK, Marler, PL, and Chaves, M. "Overreporting Church Attendance in America: Evidence That Demands the Same Verdict." American Sociological Review 63.1 (1998): 122-130.