Angela M. O'Rand

Professor Emeritus of Sociology

External Address: 
417 Chapel Hill Drive, Campus Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90088, 417 Chapel Drive, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 660-5629


My major research interests focus on patterns of inequality across the life span, with a special interest in the temporal diversity of life transitions, their consequences for later life, and the impact of institutions on these transitions over time. Over thirty-three years I have examined workplace policies related to wage and benefit structures and the impact of workers' educational, work and family histories on wage and fringe benefit outcomes. The changing employment relationship and the re-organization of retirement institutions (especially pensions) have been a central concern of my research. Most recently, I have turned to the cumulative impact of economic adversity on midlife health risks, such as heart attack. This research has uncovered the persistent effects of childhood adversity on midlife heart attack risk, especially among women. I am expanding this focus over the next few years to examine the more general question of "life course risks" and increased economic and social inequalities.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Temple University 1974

Behavioral and Physiology in Aging awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2015 to 2020

Center for Population Health and Aging awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2019

SANDERS Admin Supp: Using Response Time Data from Social Science Surveys to Model Cognition and Early Alzheimer's Disease awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2019

Behavior And Physiology In Aging awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 1999 to 2015

Childhood Exposures and Adulthood Cardiovascular Disease awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2006 to 2007

The Determinants and Consequences of Midlife Education awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1998 to 2000

(93-0332) Joint Retirement in Two-Worker Couples awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 1992 to 1993

(89-0380) Effects of Competing Social Interest Groups on the Development of Contraceptive Technology awarded by Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1989

Hughes, ME, and O'Rand, AM. The Lives and Times of the Baby Boom (Census 2000 monograph). New York: Russell Sage/Population Reference Bureau, 2004.

O'Rand, AM, and Henretta, JC. Age and Inequality: Diverse Pathways Through Later Life. Westview Press, 1998.

Osterbind, CC, and O'rand, AM. Older People in Florida: A Statistical Abstract 1978. Ed. UPO Florida. University Presses of Florida, 1976.

Remle, RC, and O'Rand, AM. "Intergenerational Solidarity in Blended Families: The Inequality of Financial Transfers to Adult Children and Stepchildren." Kinship and Cohort in an Aging Society: From Generation to Generation: Continuity and Change in Aging Families. Ed. M Silverstein. Johns Hopkins University, 2013. 31-58.

O'Rand, AM. "The devolution of risk and the changing life course (reprint)." Researching Social Gerontology. Ed. M Cutchin, C Kemp, and V Marshall. Sage Publishers, 2013.

O'Rand, AM. "The Changing Life Course." The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Sociology. February 2, 2012. 197-211. Full Text

O'Rand, AM. "The Devolution of Risk and the Changing Life Course." The New Blackwell Companion to Sociology. Ed. G Ritzer. Blackwell, 2011.

O'Rand, AM, and Ebel, D. "Private Pensions in International Perspective." International Handbook of Population Aging. Ed. PU ed. Springer-Verlag, 2009. 429-444.

O'Rand, AM, Isaacs, K, and Roth, L. "Age and Inequality in Global Context." The International Handbook of Social Gerontology. Ed. WD Dannefer and CR Phillipson. Sage, 2009. 127-136.

O'Rand, AM. "Cumulative processes in the life course." The Craft of Life Course Research. Ed. J Glen H Elder and JZ Giele. Guilford, 2009. 121-140.

O'Rand, AM, and Glen H Elder, J. "Changing Societies and Changing Lives." Within the Social World: Essays in Social Psychology. Ed. J Chin and C Jacobson. Longman, 2008. 202-216.

O'Rand, AM. "Stratification and the life course: Life course capital, life course risks, and social inequality." Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences. December 1, 2006. 145-162. Full Text

O'rand, AM. "Retirement." Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology. Blackwell Publishing, 2006.


Brown, TH, O'Rand, AM, and Adkins, DE. "Race-ethnicity and health trajectories: tests of three hypotheses across multiple groups and health outcomes." Journal of health and social behavior 53.3 (September 2012): 359-377. Full Text

O'Rand, AM. "Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose: latest words on "life words"." J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 67.2 (March 2012): 235-237. Full Text

O'rand, AM, and Hamil-Luker, J. "Late employment careers, transitions to retirement, and retirement income in the united states." (December 1, 2011): 283-307. (Chapter)

Oksuzyan, A, Crimmins, E, Saito, Y, O'Rand, A, Vaupel, JW, and Christensen, K. "Cross-national comparison of sex differences in health and mortality in Denmark, Japan and the US." Eur J Epidemiol 25.7 (July 2010): 471-480. Full Text

O'Rand, AM, Hamil-Luker, J, and Elman, C. "Childhood adversity, educational trajectories, and self-reported health in later life among US women and men at the turn of the century." ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ERZIEHUNGSWISSENSCHAFT 12.3 (September 2009): 409-436. Full Text

Elman, C, and O'Rand, AM. "The effects of social origins, life events, and institutional sorting on adults' school transitions." SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH 36.3 (September 2007): 1276-1299. Full Text

O'Rand, AM, and Shuey, KM. "Gender and the devolution of pension risks in the US." CURRENT SOCIOLOGY 55.2 (March 2007): 287-304. Full Text

Hamil-Luker, J, and O'Rand, AM. "Gender differences in the link between childhood socioeconomic conditions and heart attack risk in adulthood." Demography 44.1 (February 2007): 137-158.

O'Rand, AM. "From adolescence to adulthood in the Vietnam era." SOCIAL FORCES 84.4 (June 2006): 2365-2367. Full Text