Mark Chaves

Professor of Sociology

External Address: 
Soc-psych Bldg, Rm 348, Box_90088, Durham, NC 27708
Phone: 
(919) 660-5783

Overview

Professor Chaves specializes in the sociology of religion. Most of his research is on the social organization of religion in the United States. Among other projects, he directs the National Congregations Study (NCS), a wide-ranging survey of a nationally representative sample of religious congregations conducted in 1998, 2006-07, and 2012. NCS results have helped us to better understand many aspects of congregational life in the United States. Professor Chaves is the author of American Religion: Contemporary Trends (Princeton, 2011),  Congregations in America (Harvard, 2004), Ordaining Women: Culture and Conflict in Religious Organizations (Harvard, 1997), and many articles.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Harvard University 1991

  • M.Div., Harvard University 1985

Selected Grants

National Survey of Religious Leaders awarded by John Templeton Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2020

Supporting the Fourth Wave of the National Congregations Study awarded by Pew Research Center (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2019

Wave IV of the National Congregations Study awarded by Lilly Endowment, Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2019

National Congregations Study and Clergy Compensation Dissemination awarded by Lilly Endowment, Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2017

Wave III of the National Congregations Study awarded by Lilly Endowment, Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2014

Congregational Decision-Making about Clergy Compensation awarded by Lilly Endowment, Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2014

A Proposal to Enhance the Third Wave of the National Congregations Study awarded by Louisville Institute (Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2013

National Congregational Study-Wave III awarded by Pew Research Center (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2013

Chaves, M. American religion contemporary trends: contemporary trends. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 2011.

Chaves, M. Congregations in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Chaves, M, Chaves, M, Miller, S, Chaves, M, and Miller, SL. .Financing American ReligionFinancing American religion. Ed. M Chaves and SL Miller. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 1999.

Chaves, M. Ordaining Women: Culture and Conflict in Religious Organizations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Chaves, MA. "God’s Potters: Pastoral Leadership and the Shaping of Congregations, by Jackson W. Carroll." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 46 (2007): 136-137.

Chaves, MA. "Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community, by Robert D. Putnam." Christian Century July 19-26 (2000): 754-756.

Chaves, MA. "American Evangelicalism: Embattled and Thriving, by Christian Smith, with others." Christian century (Chicago, Ill. : 1902) (February 24, 1999): 227-229.

Pages

Chaves, M. "Serendipity in the Study of Religion and Society." Studying Religion and Society. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2013. 105-115.

Chaves, M. "The Women that Publish the Tidings: The International Association of Women Ministers." Women in Twentieth Century Protestantism. Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012. 257-275.

Chaves, M, and Anderson, S. "Continuity and Change in American Religion, 1972-2008." Social Trends in American Life: Findings from General Social Survey since 1972. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012. 212-239.

Chaves, M. "Religious Congregations." The State of Nonprofit America, Second Edition. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2012. 362-393.

Chaves, M. "Congregations' Significance to American Civic Life." The Civic Life of American Religion. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009. 69-81.

Barman, E, and Chaves, M. "Strategy and Restructure in the United Church of Christ." Church, Identity, and Change. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2005. 446-492.

Chaves, M, and Stephens, L. "Church Attendance in the United States." Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 85-95.

Chaves, M. "Religious Congregations." The State of America's Nonprofit Sector. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2002. 275-298.

Chaves, M, Giesel, H, and Tsitos, W. "Religious Variations in Public Presence: Evidence from the National Congregations Study." The Quiet Hand of God: Faith Based Activism and the Public Role of Mainline Protestantism. Berkely: University of California Press, 2002. 108-128.

Chaves, M. "Religious congregations and welfare reform: assessing the potential." Can charitable choice work?. Hartford, Conn: Trinity College, 2001. 121-139.

Pages

Schleifer, C, and Chaves, M. "Family Formation and Religious Service Attendance." Sociological Methods & Research 46.1 (January 2017): 125-152. Full Text

Voas, D, and Chaves, MA. "Is the United States a Counterexample to the Secularization Thesis?." American Journal of Sociology 121.5 (March 8, 2016): 1517-1556. Open Access Copy

Schleifer, C, and Chaves, M. "The Price of the Calling: Exploring Clergy Compensation Using Current Population Survey Data." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55.1 (March 2016): 130-152. Full Text

Chaves, M, and Anderson, SL. "Changing American Congregations: Findings from the Third Wave of the National Congregations Study." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 53.4 (December 2014): 676-686. Full Text Open Access Copy

Frenk, SM, and Chaves, M. "Proportion of US congregations that have people living with HIV." J Relig Health 51.2 (June 2012): 371-380. Full Text

Frenk, SM, Anderson, SL, Chaves, M, and Martin, N. "Assessing the Validity of Key Informant Reports about Congregations Social Composition." SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 72.1 (2011): 78-90. Full Text

Chaves, M. "Thanks, but no thanks: congretations say no to the faith-based initiative." Christian Century 127.11 (June 1, 2010): 22-24.

Chaves, M, and Wineburg, B. "Did the Faith-Based Initiative Change Congregations?." NONPROFIT AND VOLUNTARY SECTOR QUARTERLY 39.2 (April 2010): 343-355. Full Text

Chaves, M. "Rain dances in the dry season: overcoming the religious congruence fallacy." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49.1 (March 1, 2010): 1-14. (Academic Article) Open Access Copy

Pages

Chaves, MA, and Eagle, A. Clergy Compensation: National Trends and Local Realities. Durham: Duke University, Department of Sociology, 2016. Open Access Copy

Chaves, M, Anderson, S, and Byassee, J. American Congregations at the Beginning of the 21st Century: A Report from the National Congregations Study. Department of Sociology: Duke University, 2008.

Chaves, M. Congregations' Social Service Activities. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute, 1999.

Chaves, M. How Do We Worship? A Report from the National Congregation Study. Washington, DC: Alban Institute Press, 1999.

Chaves, M. Secular Ties of Elite Religious Professionals from 1912-1982. Harvard University: Center for Research on Politics and Social Organization, 1988.

Chaves, MA. "Faith Futures: An Interview with Mark Chaves." Reflections (Yale Divinity School magazine) 96.No. 2 (2011): 15-19. (Interview)

Chaves, M. "How Do We Worship." A Report from the National Congregations Study (1999).

Mark Chaves, . "American Evangelicalism: Embattled and Thriving." The Christian Century 116.6 (1999): 227-.

Chaves, M. "Feminization of the Clergy in America: Occupational and Organizational Perspectives." Contemporary Sociology 27.5 (1998): 485-486. (Review)

Chaves, M. "Religious Institutions and Women's Leadership: New Roles inside the Mainstream." The Journal of Religion 77.4 (1997): 623-624.

Chaves, M. "Jews on the Move: Implications for Jewish Identity." Contemporary Sociology 26.1 (1997): 69-70. (Review)

Chaves, M. "Resurgent Evangelicalism in the United States: Mapping Cultural Change Since 1970." The American Journal of Sociology 103.2 (1997): 468-470. (Review)

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